Failaka Island has many interesting archaeological sites, but certainly the most iconic is the Hellenistic Temple, which appears on the 1KD bill. According to UNESCO, the Hellenistic Fortress (Tell Sae’ed F5) dates back to the 3rd century BCE. The Hellenistic Fortress is semi square structure with approximately 60 meters long on each side, with a tower in each corner. The fortress’s southern main gate was secured by a large tower, while the eastern smaller gate was secured by two towers. The fortress included two temples; Temple A and Temple B. Temple A, built in an Ionic style structure constructed with fine cuts and imported rocks and was used for worshipping the God Artemis. In this temple, pillars with Persian decorated bases can be found. In the entrance of Temple A, Ikaros’s slab-stone stands with a 44 Latin line scripted on limestone known as the source of guidance for the island’s rules of the law of the land.” The photos below from this flickr account.
From John Hopkins, taken during a 1974 archaeological dig. The set of photos included one of Theresa Howard Carter standing in front of a painting, which I am told is the work of Abdullah Algassar.
From The Danish Archaeology Expedition to Kuwait (1958 – 1963): A Glimpse into the Archive of Moesgard Museum.
From the website Kuwait Philatelic:
From this flickr album:
[…] F5 Site (known locally as Tell Sa’id): in her work The Voice of the Oud, Jehan Rajab tells us that, “The first archaeological survey gave each site a distinctive name F1, F2, and so on. The two largest, highest tells known as Sa’ad and Sa’id became F3 and F5. According to local mythology two brothers named Sa’ad and Sa’id had a sister named Sa’adeh. Rumor circulated amongst the local community accusing her of immoral behavior and her angry brothers banished her to an isolated spot in the north of the island. There she had died of thirst and starvation. To the utter horror of the brothers, they discovered that she had been wrongly accused and was innocent. Guilt and remorse drove them to the south of the island to the ghostly ruins of ancient settlements. Each chose a Tell where they sought repentance in their solitude and in their turn, they starved to death and were buried on top. From that time forth the three ancient Tells became known as Sa’ad, Sa’id, and Sa’adeh.” […]
[…] written in Greek translates as friendly.” During the time of the Seleucid Empire, Greeks built a fortress and temple on the island–which are perhaps the most iconic ruins today and appear on the 1KD […]